Sloss Award, presented to George D. The technology might also be effectively applied to understanding the stability and evolution of historic mining activity in the western United States. David Liddell Professor, Ph.
Cutbacks in industrial support for research, coupled with declining federal budgets, present significant challenges for developing a strong research agenda for basin studies. To demonstrate the potential of this technique for mineral exploration, we examined geochronologic data from basins with exceptionally large mineral deposits hosted by sedimentary rocks.
To provide primary data to constrain the modeling effort on basins, the panel recommends continued funding for efforts to preserve, archive, and disseminate data on sedimentary basins. Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. Finally, the panel recommends that the broad range of geoscience societies take an active role in facilitating progress toward the development of a comprehensive set of models for sedimentary basins.
Pennsylvanian-Permian shelf to basin transect, southwestern Great Basin, U. Tectonics and Magmatism, Plenum, New York, p. Implications for facies architecture and sequence stratigraphy.
Tying rock properties from core to depositional processes and examining the relationship through forward seismic reflection modeling in the Kaiparowits Plateau, southern Utah [ PDF ] [ PPT ] Brenton Chentnik Advanced Search Abstract It is common to construct a subsidence model for a sedimentary basin when exploring the basin for oil and gas, but subsidence models rarely are used in the search for mineral deposits.
Time-space variabiloty of paralic environments: Recent Advances and their Applications, London, May Utah, Wyoming, and Oregon.
Klein,The paleogeography of Paleozoic and Mesozoic storm depositional systems: Much of their effort is focused on understanding and predicting basin formation within the framework of plate tectonics and mantle convection; hydrocarbon generation and migration during basin evolution; present and historic ground-water flow and chemical transport; changes in basin fill and thermal evolution with tectonic environment; spatial and temporal variations of subsurface porosity and permeability; and the record of tectonics, climate, and sea-level change preserved in sedimentary basins.
Application to syntectonic conglomerate: Input i documents the progressive, widespread unroofing of the continental basement of the southern European margin, when northwestward subduction of the remnants of the Ligurian ocean began.
Interactions between axial and transverse drainage systems in the Late Cretaceous Cordilleran foreland basin: As a basin in a strike-slip terrane, we examined the Huayacocotla basin of eastern Mexico, host to the giant syngenetic Mn deposit at Molango. New insights from recent ODP drilling: Contrary to most modern and ancient forearc basins, penecontemporaneous volcanic detritus is virtually absent; this results from rift-related topographic barriers which separated the forearc basin from the associated volcanic arc.
Frerichs,Distinguishing middle Late Cretaceous tectonic events from regional sea-level change using foraminiferal data from the U. The composition and age of detrital minerals provide clues to the nature of mountain belts that have long since eroded.
Sediment transfer across a tectonically active continental margin: This spectacular set of spits in the Deep Creek Mountains of western Utah show highly differential erosion patterns between the Bonneville and Provo shorelines Modern Alluvial Systems The Department of Geology and Geophysics recently acquired a Phantom 3 quadcopter and high resolution camera that can be applied to a number modern alluvial settings.
Valleys, estuaries, and lagoons: After describing the temperatures and pressures of the subsurface environment and the hydrodynamics of connate fluids, Selley examines the generation and migration of petroleum, reservoir rocks and trapping mechanisms, and the habit of petroleum in sedimentary basins.
Strategies for this modeling effort should focus on improved characterization of basin materials over all length scales; strengthened efforts to collect and archive subsurface data on sedimentary basins; refined theoretical understanding of the processes that modify basins through geologic time, including mantle convection and plate tectonics, subsurface porous flow of fluids, and the thermodynamics of reactions among fluids, minerals, and biomass at depth; and synthesis and linking of existing models to form a comprehensive yet flexible set of models for describing the formation and evolution of sedimentary basins.
It is thus an excellent natural laboratory for quantifying the relative role that tectonics, climate, and catchment characteristics play in controlling sedimentary architecture. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. The modern eastern Great Basin of the western United States is an active continental rift setting with unparalleled geologic, tectonic, and topographic databases that has undergone a major transgression and regression since the Late Pleistocene.
The links between volcanic output, arc evolution, and melt composition. This basin fill is important in two respects.
The size of the PDF is listed. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v 72, p. Kolesar Professor Emeritus, Ph. Archaeology Science Reports, v. Examples of important efforts would include collaborative special sessions and research conferences, joint industry- Page 4 Share Cite Suggested Citation: This work was published in Marine Geology in See the publications page for details about specific studies.
From the Mountains to the Abyss: These methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping.Comparative study on geochemical characterization of the Carboniferous aluminous argillites from the Huainan Coal Basin, China conditions of ancient sedimentary rocks such as shales, argillites, and sandstones (Clavert and Pedersen, ; Because the southern uplift of the Bengbu strata slowed down the southern seawater transgression.
Jurassic strata along the southern margin of Junggar Basin are important petroleum system elements for exploration in northwest China. The Lower and Middle Jurassic source rock effectiveness has been questioned as exploration progresses deeper into the basin.
Johnson, C.L.,Recognizing Decoupled Controls on Accommodation and Sediment Supply, and the Importance of Axial Drainages in Foreland Basins: Adventures in Stratigraphic Correlation from the Cretaceous Straight Cliffs Formation of the Kaiparowits Plateau, Southern Utah, AAPG Annual Meeting, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Clastic modeling includes sedimentary bypass and erosion and sedimentation in alluvial and coastal plains, marine shelf, basin slope, and basin floor settings.
Carbonate modeling includes progradation, the development of hard grounds, downslope aprons, keep up, catch up, back step, and drowned reef settings as well as lagoonal and epeiric settings.
basins where the signals of active tectonics can be disguised by the sedimentary processes. As a matter of fact, where the sedimentation rate is higher than the tectonic-related uplift rate, a generally flat. Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous shales of the Naifa, Safer, and Madbi formations were studied to evaluate source rock characterization.
The results of the source rock were then incorporated into basin modeling to understand the timing of hydrocarbon (HC) generation and expulsion.Download